Author: Evexia Wellness Center

PTSD Signs & Symptoms

Post-traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD, is a serious mental health condition that can be triggered by experiencing or witnessing a traumatic event. This can include events such as natural disasters, car accidents, sexual assault, or military combat.

While it is normal to experience a range of emotions after such an event, for those with PTSD, the emotional and psychological impact can be long-lasting and severe. In this blog, we will explore the signs and symptoms of PTSD, as well as the various treatment options available.

What Causes PTSD?

PTSD can be triggered by any number of traumatic events. Some common causes include:

  • Military combat
  • Natural disasters
  • Car accidents
  • Sexual assault or abuse
  • Physical assault
  • Hostage situations
  • Childhood abuse and neglect

Itis is important to note that PTSD symptoms don’t necessarily show up immediately after a traumatic experience. Sometimes, it can take weeks, months, or even years to manifest.

Symptoms of PTSD

The symptoms of PTSD can vary from person to person and can range in severity. Some common symptoms include:

  • Flashbacks: Reliving the traumatic event through vivid, disturbing memories, flashbacks, or dreams/nightmares
  • Avoidance: Avoiding people, places, or activities that remind the individual of the traumatic event.
  • Negative changes in thinking, feelings, and behaviors: Difficulty trusting others, feeling detached or emotionally numb, guilt, social isolation, and feeling hopeless or worthless.
  • Changes in physical and emotional reactions: This may include difficulty sleeping, irritability, getting easily startled, inability to relax, and panic attacks.

It is important to note that experiencing a few of these symptoms does not necessarily mean that an individual has PTSD. To be diagnosed with PTSD, an individual must have one or more symptoms in each of the above categories for more than one month following a traumatic event.

How is PTSD Treated?

There is no one-size-fits-all treatment for PTSD, and it may take time to find a treatment plan that works best for you. Some of the most common treatment options include:

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT): CBT is a type of psychotherapy that helps individuals identify and change negative thought patterns and behaviors to help manage symptoms of PTSD.

Exposure Therapy: Exposure therapy is another form of psychotherapy that involves gradually exposing the individual to the traumatic event or triggers in a controlled realistically safe environment to desensitize them to the trauma. This can help individuals learn to cope with their fears and gradually reduce the intensity of their symptoms.

Medications: Antidepressants and anti-anxiety medications can be prescribed to help manage severe symptoms of PTSD. It is important to work with a mental health professional to find the right medication or combination of medications for you. Alternative medications like ketamine may also prove effective in managing treatment-resistant PTSD.

Supportive Care: Supportive care can include a range of services, such as support groups, counseling, and family therapy. These can provide a safe and supportive environment for individuals to discuss their feelings and experiences and learn healthy coping strategies.

The Bottom Line

PTSD is a serious mental health condition that can have a significant impact on your mental, emotional, and physical well-being. Recognizing the signs and symptoms of PTSD and seeking professional help is the first step to finding relief.

A mental health professional can help you find the best treatment plan for you and provide you with the support and guidance necessary to cope with your symptoms in a healthy way.

The Benefits of IV Hydration Therapy

Intravenous (IV) hydration therapy, also known as IV vitamin therapy, is a simple yet effective way to nourish and revitalize the body by delivering essential minerals, vitamins, and fluids directly into your bloodstream.

IV hydration therapy has been used for decades in the hospital setting to help people with medical conditions that impair the absorption of nutrients from the gut. However, recent years have seen a rise in the use of IV hydration therapy outside of hospital settings thanks to its range of therapeutic benefits.

What Is IV Hydration Therapy?

IV hydration therapy is a treatment in which a “specialized” fluid is slowly infused into the body through an IV line. The fluid typically contains electrolytes, vitamins, and minerals needed to keep the body operating at optimal levels.

IV hydration is an effective way to quickly and efficiently provide the body with these crucial nutrients, which can have a direct positive impact on your overall health and well-being. A single IV treatment typically takes about 30 to 60 minutes and can be customized according to individual needs.

What is in an IV Drip?

An IV drip typically contains a combination of electrolytes, minerals, and vitamins. Common ingredients include IV fluid (saline solution), magnesium, calcium, amino acids, zinc, B-complex vitamins, vitamin C, NAD+, and antioxidants. Additional specialized ingredients can be added as needed to address specific medical conditions or health concerns.

The Benefits of IV Hydration Therapy

There are many benefits to be gained from receiving IV hydration therapy, including increased energy levels, improved mental clarity and focus, better sleep quality, reduced stress and anxiety levels, enhanced immune system function, decreased inflammation, reduced oxidative stress,

Additionally, IV hydration therapy has been shown to improve physical performance and help athletes and active individuals bounce back from strenuous exercise faster. It can also be used to treat a variety of medical conditions, such as dehydration and hangovers, as well as symptoms of chronic illnesses like migraines, fatigue, substance use, and chronic pain.

Other potential benefits of IV hydration therapy include improved cognitive function and memory, improved digestion and cardiovascular health, and better mood. There is also evidence that IV vitamin C therapy could prove vital in cancer treatment.

What Does Science Say?

The scientific evidence supporting the widely proclaimed therapeutic benefits of IV hydration therapy is still superficial but promising. However, most people who have undergone IV hydration report feeling more energized and refreshed, allowing them to perform at their peak levels of physical and mental performance. 

Still, more research is needed to fully understand the potential therapeutic benefits and possible medical utilization of IV vitamin therapy.

Final Thoughts

IV hydration therapy is a rising star in the world of alternative medicine—and with good reason. By delivering essential minerals, vitamins, and fluids directly into the bloodstream, IV hydration therapy can provide an impressive range of therapeutic benefits that can improve overall health and well-being.

Whether you are an athlete looking to improve your performance or are simply looking to stay healthy and fit, IV hydration therapy can be an excellent option for you to explore.

What Conditions Does Ketamine Infusion Therapy Treat?

Depression, PTSD, chronic pain, mood disorders, and migraines have confounded medical professionals for years. These conditions can be very hard to treat, making it hard for patients to move on with their lives. 

Ketamine therapy has established a good rate of success in treating some of these illnesses, especially when other medical treatments have not been effective. 

Conditions Ketamine Infusion Therapy Can Treat


Many people experience anxiety at some point in their lives. But for some people, extreme levels of persistent anxiety can affect their ability to function properly. This is called anxiety disorder and it’s a difficult condition.

Medical professionals have tried many treatments for anxiety before ketamine infusion therapy.  The downside to these treatments is that they could take up to six weeks to take effect and don’t work for everyone. 

However, ketamine infusion therapy can reduce feelings of anxiety immediately. It has also shown success in the management of treatment-resistant anxiety, or anxiety disorders where past treatment methods have failed.

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder sometimes called manic depressive disorder. It is characterized by extreme mood swings between mania and depression

Bipolar disorder has traditionally been treated with antidepressants, antipsychotics, and mood stabilizers. However, ketamine infusion therapy is a successful innovative treatment that reduces symptoms in many patients.

Ketamine is known for its analgesic properties, but the infusion method is also effective for treating mood disorders. Ketamine infusion therapy can succeed in cases where other classes of treatment for bipolar disorder couldn’t. It can help patients with this disorder regain their ability to enjoy activities. It can also improve the symptoms that patients experience and increase in healthy cognitive activity that may have been affected by bipolar disorder.

Postpartum Depression

Postpartum depression is a type of mood disorder. Nearly all parents can expect to experience levels of baby blues which are mood changes that occur after a child is born. Baby blues are often characterized by irritation and dips in mood that don’t last long, but postpartum depression involves much more severe changes like anxiety attacks and mood swings. It usually develops in the early stages of childbirth. A parent suffering from postpartum depression often experiences difficulty attaching to the newborn child, among other symptoms. 

Usually, healthcare professionals prescribe SSRIs and antidepressants. However, these medications do not always deliver the needed results, and when that happens, the affected parent can feel more helpless and the severity of their mood changes can worsen. 

Ketamine infusion therapy can help patients manage postpartum depression more effectively.

Obsessive-compulsive Disorder

OCD is a chronic, common, and long-lasting form of mood disorder. Characteristics include recurring thoughts or behavior that are challenging to control and can interfere with the ability of a person to perform their daily activities. This can put the patient in significant distress. 

OCD has been traditionally treated with psychotherapy, antipsychotics, and SSRIs. However, these medications don’t always work, and it can take weeks for a patient to know if it’s right for them. 

OCD can be treated with ketamine infusion therapy.

Ketamine has successfully been used in the medical field due to the analgesic properties of the drug. Still, infusion therapy is effective for treating OCD because of its ability and success in treating a wide range of mood disorders.

Cancer Pain

Patients who suffer from cancer often experience chronic pains. Several factors can contribute to chronic refractory pain in cancer patients, including the progression of the disease, the affected areas, and the traditional cancer treatment medications.

Ketamine infusion therapy works as an anesthetic medication that health practitioners recognize for the effective management of pain. It is considered non-invasive and safe for alleviating chronic pain both during and after the course of treatment.

The ketamine infusion slows the pain messages that the NMDA receptors in the body transmit to the brain. It is administered intravenously and helps reduce the levels of pain that a patient feels and promotes calmness.


Living with the above conditions can make life a burden rather than a joy. Ketamine infusion therapy can be used to treat several illnesses. They include anxiety, bipolar disorder, postpartum depression, OCD, and cancer pain. Ketamine infusion therapy has a long track record of success in cases where these illnesses have tended to be treatment-resistant.

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Difference Between Acute & Chronic Pain

Pain is a common experience that we have all felt at some point in our lives – whether it is the result of an injury, surgery, or underlying health condition. But not all pain is created equal. For some people, pain can become a lingering presence in their lives, lasting for weeks, months, or even years. So, how do you tell if your pain is acute or chronic? Let’s find out.

What is Acute Pain?

Acute pain is the kind of pain that happens suddenly and typically lasts for a short period of time. In most cases, acute pain is not serious and will go away within a few days or weeks once the underlying cause has healed. For example, if you cut your finger while cooking, you would likely experience a sudden onset of sharp pain that will last a few days. But once the cut has healed, the pain should go away. 

What is Chronic Pain?

Chronic pain is pain that lasts for more than 12 weeks. It can be caused by injury or illness, but it often persists long after the underlying injury or illness has healed. For example, someone who breaks their leg may initially experience severe acute pain. But once the fracture has healed, they may continue to experience dull pain or severe discomfort at the site of the original injury.

In addition to injury, chronic pain may also be caused by long-term conditions like arthritis, cancer, fibromyalgia, nerve damage, endometriosis, migraines, and mental illness. According to medical statistics, an estimated 1 in 5 American adults live with chronic pain.

Examples of chronic pain include:

  • Pain from an old injury
  • Arthritis pain/joint pain
  • Cancer pain
  • Fibromyalgia pain
  • Chronic migraines
  • Neuropathic pain
  • Chronic back pain

Unlike acute pain, chronic pain is often a constant presence and can lead to severe impairment. Chronic pain is often accompanied by other symptoms such as:

  • Fatigue
  • Sleep problems
  • Anxiety and depression
  • Reduced range of motion
  • Anger and irritability
  • Reduced productivity and loss of livelihood
  • Low sex drive
  • Suicidal ideations
  • Alcohol and substance abuse

Treatment for Acute VS Chronic Pain

Acute and chronic pain are treated differently because they have different causes. Acute pain is normally treated by addressing the underlying cause of the pain. Your doctor may also prescribe over-the-counter medication or prescription painkillers to keep the pain under control.

On the other hand, chronic pain is more difficult to treat because there is often no clear cause. Treatment typically aims to manage the pain and involves a combination of medication, physical therapy, self-care, and mental health support. Some people find relief from chronic pain through alternative therapies such as acupuncture or massage therapy. Others will require surgery to correct any underlying problems and provide relief from the pain.

The Takeaway

In a nutshell, the difference between acute and chronic pain is the duration of the pain. Acute pain is a normal response to an injury or illness and typically goes away within a few days or weeks. Chronic pain, on the other hand, persists for more months or years and can have a significant impact on your quality of life. 

If you’re experiencing chronic pain, it’s advisable to see a doctor who can diagnose the cause of your pain and develop a personalized treatment plan for you. 

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Misconceptions About Ocd

What Is Ocd?

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental health condition with two main components: unsurprisingly, obsessions and compulsions. You may have heard about OCD, but many of the depictions of this condition throughout media like movies and TV include misconceptions. Continue reading to learn more about the truth of OCD symptoms.

Risk Factors

OCD is a common disorder that affects adults, adolescents, and children all over the world. Most people are diagnosed by about age 19, typically with an earlier age of onset in boys than in girls, but onset after age 35 does happen.” We haven’t settled on a cause of OCD, but years of research and working with sufferers have uncovered clues about its origins, including genetics, brain structure and functioning, and environment beginning in childhood.

4 Misconceptions About Ocd

According to Ralph Ryback M.D., OCD “is a mental illness that is experienced by as many as 1 in 100 Americans each year, with roughly 50 percent of these cases classified as severe.” Many people with OCD are misunderstood, grappling with stigmatization which can negatively affect life at work, home, and in relationships. Here are common misconceptions about obsessive-compulsive disorder to be aware of:

  1. People with OCD love keeping things organized and neat. When someone jokingly says they’re “OCD because I vacuum the carpeting every day,” it’s the equivalent of saying “I’m a major anorexic” because I avoid sweets after meals. The truth is OCD is a severe mental illness characterized by high levels of emotional distress and anxiety. OCD sufferers might have cleanliness habits, but they don’t “love” them.
  2. OCD is focused on handwashing, cleaning, and living life as a “germaphobe.” False. The condition shows inversely in different people. Only a fraction of people with OCD, in fact, are fearful of germs or have compulsions linked to keeping themselves and the world around them clean.
  3. Signs of OCD are obvious. As unbelievable as it seems, you likely encounter people with obsessive-compulsive disorder but don’t even realize it. That’s because people suffering from OCD are frequently able to conceal or suppress their symptoms when in public, particularly if they’re getting proper treatment, such as ketamine therapy.
  4. People who say they’re OCD are weaklings who should just calm down. For someone without this illness, the symptoms kick off absurd or comical refrains like “just stop cleaning,” when in reality OCD is a chronic illness whose sufferers have brain regions that literally malfunction.

How Is Ocd Diagnosed?

Many people assume they can diagnose their own illness, especially if they have certain feelings, an injury, or an obvious illness, but OCD can only be diagnosed by a trained professional. A doctor or therapist will look for three signs:

  • The person has obsessions.
  • Compulsive behaviors are present.
  • The obsessions and compulsions are time-consuming and interfere with important activities the sufferer values, such as working, hobbies, going to school, or spending time with loved ones.

Troubles With Diagnosis?

Diagnosing OCD isn’t like recognizing an ear infection and getting a prescription for amoxicillin. It’s more complicated than that. OCD symptoms are sometimes indistinguishable from signs associated with obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, depression, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, or other mental health illnesses. Complications arise if it’s paired with another diagnosed mental illness.

Treatment Options

The most common treatment options for OCD include psychological counseling, medicine, or a combination of both. Once you’ve been diagnosed, your healthcare provider may recommend other treatments, including self-help and ketamine therapy. Ketamine is the medicine most frequently used in pre-and post-operative environments. Still, research since the 1960s has proven its efficacy not only for anesthesia but also in treating symptoms of OCD, depression, and other mental illnesses.

Final Thoughts

Ketamine, which some doctors are calling the biggest breakthrough in mental health treatment in fifty years, is able to provide relief from the symptoms of OCD within minutes, rather than the weeks a typical treatment may take. If you or a loved one is suffering from OCD, please call us today to help determine if ketamine infusion can help you find relief.

How Do You Treat Social Anxiety?

How a person reacts to social situations can range intensely from person to person. Some people crave social gatherings, or even thrive in them. Others dread them, needing their time to “recharge” by themselves. When do these feelings become full-on symptoms of social anxiety disorder? More importantly, how do you treat this condition?


People with social anxiety are tremendously nervous about what they might say or do in someone else’s presence. This could be public speaking and daily social interactions, but it’s more than just shyness or anxiety before public speaking. The fear can start weeks or months prior to an event. It can lead to a quick heartbeat and a lack of focus. While some people only fear certain situations, others have many kinds affecting their quality of life.


Social anxiety is characterized by fear, nervousness, and avoiding someone or something that restricts relationships, daily life, work, school, or other interests. Common types of symptoms include emotional and behavioral, physical, and avoidance, such as:

Behavioral and emotional symptoms

  • Fear of circumstances where you could be judged poorly
  • Worry over upsetting or humiliating yourself
  • Extreme fear of social interaction or conversing with strangers
  • Fear that someone else will see that you appear anxious

Physical symptoms

  • Blushing
  • Quick heartbeat
  • Quivering
  • Sweating
  • Queasy stomach or nausea
  • Problems catching your breath

Avoidance symptoms

  • Intermingling with different people or strangers
  • Partaking in parties or social events
  • Attending school or work 
  • Beginning conversations
  • Making eye contact with another person
  • Entering somewhere in which people have already been seated

For someone with social anxiety, even a few symptoms which happen daily can have damaging consequences on all aspects of their lives. Fortunately, treatment is available.


Social anxiety sometimes appears in families, but it’s uncertain why one member gets it, and another doesn’t. Researchers believe that many parts of the brain are involved in its development. Misreading social cues is another possible cause. You may believe someone’s staring at you when they’re not, which speaks more of underdeveloped social skills than another’s behavior; or you could feel discouraged even before you start talking to someone out of fear and imagined embarrassment.


Diagnosis largely depends on a physical exam and a mental health evaluation. The goal of both is to uncover any underlying conditions which cause symptoms, including injuries, physical ailments, or personal or family history of mental illness. In both cases, your healthcare provider will compare your symptoms to criteria in the DSM-5 from 2013.

Once diagnosis is complete, your healthcare provider can begin a discussion regarding different kinds of treatment. Depending on symptoms, duration of the symptoms, and your mental and physical health, you may be presented with options including psychotherapy, self-help, lifestyle changes, or even something like ketamine infusion.


One of the things that makes social anxiety so dangerous is its ability to convince you that you’re alone, or that something’s wrong with you. Neither is true. In fact, social anxiety affects millions of people. We all get anxious at one point or another; how we decide to react is unique and drives whether social anxiety rules our lives. 

Be inquisitive

If you notice thoughts are triggering anxiety, ask yourself if the situation is true, or is it just a story you’re telling yourself? Recognize which thoughts are evidence-based, rather than emotional. Jot down thoughts to revisit them later.

Take care of yourself physically

Social anxiety can affect your heartbeat, breathing, and other biochemical and physical responses your brain interprets as evidence of something wrong. Work to slow those emotions down with exercise, breathing strategies, and meditation. Basically, this also amounts to relaxing on purpose and trying out techniques to promote feelings of relaxation. They can be done anytime, anywhere.

Create a healing environment for yourself

This may involve painting a room in soothing colors, allowing natural sunlight inside, or realizing that it’s okay to not be obsessed with your mobile phone or social media feeds.

Finally, be willing to be open about your feelings and talk through what’s happening. You might find solace talking with a therapist, close friend, or a local support network.


Social anxiety is a lot more than just occasional anxiety or worry about social situations. It’s a mental health condition that causes you to feel uncontrollable worry and dread about even the prospect of interacting with large crowds or social situations. 

Ketamine infusions are helping patients to achieve a higher level of wellness by reestablishing balance and restoring pathways. Evexia Wellness Center is committed to assisting you in achieving the best you.

Schedule a consultation today to get started!

What Does PTSD Look Like In Veterans?

Traumatic events can sprout roots that run deeper than you can see. Even months or years after going through something traumatic, you may still suffer the same symptoms – flashbacks, anger, irritability, weight changes, intrusive thoughts. Veterans run an extra risk of being exposed to traumatic events. Fortunately, with the right treatments, relief can be possible.

PTSD And Veterans: Statistics

The number of Veterans with PTSD differs by service era:

  • Operations Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom: about 11-20 out of every 100 veterans (about 11-20 percent) who served in either have PTSD each year.
  • Gulf War: about 12 out of every 100 Gulf War veterans (or 12 percent) have PTSD each year.
  • Vietnam War: “It is estimated that about 30 out of every 100 (or 30%) of Vietnam Veterans have had PTSD in their lifetime.”

What Does PTSD Look Like In Veterans?

PTSD is common for veterans but manifests itself differently for each one experiencing it. Some veterans struggle with the “classic” symptoms of the disorder quite often, such as avoidance, hyper-vigilance, and intrusive memories, while others only have mild symptoms occasionally. Still, what does PTSD look like in veterans?

  • PTSD symptoms affect and interfere with everyday life.
  • It can manifest as recurring nightmares.
  • Some veterans may have symptoms that are so regular that loved ones feel as if they’re walking on eggshells.

If you or someone you know suffers from PTSD, it’s best to get help right away and begin treatment. 

Common Symptoms

There are many symptoms of PTSD to watch for:

  • Re-experiencing symptoms like flashbacks.
  • Avoidance symptoms such as staying away from anyone or anything which acts as a reminder.
  • Arousal and reactivity symptoms like being easily startled.
  • Cognition and mood symptoms include memory problems, trouble thinking, distorted thoughts, and negative thoughts.

Helping Veterans Deal With PTSD

Whether you’re a veteran suffering from PTSD or have a loved one struggling with the condition, there are steps that can be taken to help alleviate the disorder. Though many veterans choose treatments like ketamine to manage PTSD symptoms, there are other self-help methods worth considering:

  • Get regular exercise. Even 10- to 30- minutes of light exercise can help burn off adrenaline, but a more vigorous workout has greater benefits: releasing endorphins to improve your mood and helping your nervous system out of its collective “funk.” 
  • Try to regulate your nervous system. If you can regulate your diet and other aspects of your life, then working to soothe your nerves is worth the effort. This means adopting mindful breathing exercises, taking in soothing sights, sounds, and smells, and reconnecting emotionally by not giving in to bad thoughts or memories of the trauma.
  • Re-establish connections. This can be with friends and family, or just getting out and volunteering your time and expertise to a worthwhile cause, or joining a support group of people who understand what you’ve been through.
  • Take care of your physical well-being. Besides exercise, the effects of PTSD can possibly be lessened by trying different relaxation techniques, finding healthy ways to release stress (like hitting a pillow or punching bag), maintaining a healthy meal plan and enjoying foods rich in Omega-3s, getting a good night’s sleep, and avoiding drugs and alcohol.
  • Confront your fears from flashbacks, nightmares, and intrusive memories by reciting a verbal script or making a statement to yourself that you’re safe, quietly describe to yourself what you’re seeing, and tap your arm or wrist to bring you back to the present. Movement, touch, sight, sound, smell, and taste can help “bring yourself back” from a nightmare or flashback.
  • Work through and recover from survivor’s guilt.

It may be in your best interest to seek professional help. A mental health specialist may diagnose your condition and recommend different kinds of therapy or medicine to control PTSD symptoms. You can find self-help and other resources through the National Center for PTSD, as well as here and here.

Diagnosis And Treatment

Diagnosis and treatment for PTSD follows the same course as many other mental illnesses and chronic pain disorders. If seeking help, you can expect to undergo a physical exam and lab tests to uncover potential causes; a psychiatric evaluation to determine your current state of mental health, and whether you have a personal or family history of mental illness. A doctor will then refer to the DSM-5 before offering a diagnosis and presenting treatment options.

Final Thoughts

PTSD is a serious mental health disorder affecting thousands of people in America and even more worldwide, but treatment options are available. If you suffer from PTSD, get help by talking with a mental healthcare professional about psychotherapy, self-help, support groups, or treatment options like ketamine to manage the symptoms.

Through the delivery of high quality and compassionate care, Evexia Wellness Center’s mission is to restore balance in people afflicted with conditions where Ketamine infusions have proven to be an effective treatment. Contact us today to get started!


The Most Common Types Of Chronic Pain

You slipped and fell at work a few years back, severely breaking your leg. You underwent surgery for bone fracture repair, and although your leg healed and you can now walk, you’re stuck with a dull, aching pain at the site of the fracture.

The pain is always there, some days are better than others, but it never really goes away. Could you be dealing with chronic pain?

What is Chronic Pain?

There are two types of pain: acute and chronic. Acute pain comes on suddenly and is sharp. It may be caused by injury or illness and goes away once the underlying cause has healed. For instance, a headache caused by the common cold goes away as soon as the cold starts to subside. 

Chronic pain, on the other hand, is ongoing pain that lingers for weeks or months after the injury or illness has healed. It can result from injury, fracture, surgery, psychological trauma, or a chronic illness like cancer.

Medical statistics show that in the United States, over 1 in 5 adults struggle with a chronic pain problem. Chronic pain can be mild, moderate, or severe.

What Are the Most Common Types of Chronic Pain?

There are many different types of chronic pain, and each one affects people in different ways. Here are some of the most common types:

Chronic Back Pain

Chronic back pain is one of the most common types of chronic pain and a leading cause of disability worldwide. It can result from muscle strain, poor posture, herniated discs, and nerve damage, among other possible causes. 

Chronic back pain can range from a dull ache to a sharp, burning sensation. It can make it hard to work, sleep, and perform daily activities.

Neck Pain

Neck pain is one of the most reported musculoskeletal problems among patients. Research shows that approximately 50 percent of American adults experience neck pain yearly, some of whom end up developing chronic neck pain.

There are many possible causes of neck pain, including injury, arthritis, whiplash, herniated discs, overuse, migraines, cervical spondylosis, and nerve damage. The pain can range from mild discomfort to severe pain that hinders neck movement.

Joint Pain

Joint pain is another commonly diagnosed form of chronic pain – affecting millions globally. Chronic joint pain is mainly caused by arthritis but can also result from an injury, infection, or other conditions. Joint pain can make it difficult to move the affected joint and may lead to swelling, inflammation, and stiffness in the affected areas.


Chronic migraines can be described as recurrent severe headaches that cause intense throbbing or pulsing pain, nausea, and sensitivity to light and sound. Chronic migraines affect between 3 to 5 percent of Americans, according to the experts at the Cleveland Clinic.

Several factors can trigger the onset of migraines, including stress, certain foods, hormonal fluctuations, weather changes, mental illness, nerve damage, untreated neck pain, or injury to the head.

Arthritis Pain

Arthritis is a term used to describe a group of over 100 chronic conditions that attack the joints, causing inflammation, nerve damage, and tissue degeneration around the joints. Arthritis can lead to ongoing joint pain, stiffness, and swelling and is one of the leading causes of chronic pain.

Neuropathic Pain

Neuropathic pain, as the name suggests, is any pain caused by damage or malfunction of the nervous system. It can result from nerve damage due to injury, infection, or diseases that affect the nervous system. 

Neuropathic pain often feels like a burning or stabbing sensation and can make it difficult to sleep, concentrate, and perform daily activities. Common examples of neuropathic pain include fibromyalgia, diabetic neuropathy, postherpetic neuralgia, phantom limb pain, and complex regional pain syndrome.

How is Chronic Pain Treated?

The treatment options for chronic pain vary depending on the type of pain and its underlying causes. In most cases, chronic pain can be effectively managed using over-the-counter or prescription medications.

In more severe cases,  treatments such as surgery and nerve block injections, may be necessary. Ketamine infusion therapy is also proving to be a go-to medication for chronic and treatment-resistant pain.

If you struggle with chronic pain, talk to your doctor about your treatment options. Together, you can develop a treatment plan to help you manage your pain and improve your quality of life.

How Does IV Vitamin Therapy Work?

In recent times, IV drip bars and lounges seem to be popping up everywhere, with IV vitamin therapy increasingly becoming a popular health and wellness trend. What was previously considered a celebrity fad has now become a go-to treatment for health-conscious individuals seeking to improve their overall well-being. 

What is IV Vitamin Therapy? – A Brief History

The history of IV vitamin therapy dates back to the early 1970s, when Dr. John Myers developed and started administering IV vitamins for various conditions in Baltimore.

However, the famous Myers’ Cocktail did not come into being until after his death, when Dr. Alan Gaby, another leading Baltimore physician, began administering the same IV vitamin infusions and published articles about their uses and benefits.

IV vitamin therapy has since continued to grow in popularity, especially in recent years, as more and more people become aware of its benefits.

So, How Does IV Vitamin Therapy Work?

IV therapy is a minimally invasive treatment that delivers fluids, vitamins, and other vital nutrients directly into the bloodstream through an IV drip. This process is designed to bypass the digestive system, ensuring 100% bioavailability of these nutrients.

This direct delivery mechanism makes IV therapy more effective than oral supplements, which need to be broken down and absorbed in the digestive system before the body can use them.

What Makes Up an IV Vitamin Cocktail?

The exact mixture of vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients in an IV drip will vary depending on the specific needs of each individual. Some of the most common nutrients found in IV therapy cocktails include vitamin C, B-complex vitamins, minerals like magnesium, calcium, and zinc, and amino acids such as glutathione and taurine.

Benefits of IV Vitamin Therapy

IV vitamin therapy may help:

  • Improve energy levels
  • Correct nutrient deficiencies
  • Reduce stress and anxiety
  • Promote detoxification
  • Promote recovery from physical activity
  • Improve athletic performance
  • Reduce inflammation
  • Improve hydration
  • Promote quality sleep
  • Enhance immunity and skin health
  • Promote recovery from injuries
  • Treat migraines and headaches
  • Alleviate hangover symptoms 
  • Promote cardiovascular health
  • Reduce the effects of jet lag

What Are The Side Effects of IV Vitamin Therapy?

IV therapy is generally a safe and effective treatment with few, if any, side effects. The most common side effect of IV therapy is mild discomfort or pain at the IV site.

Other potential side effects include bruising, swelling, and inflammation at the injection site. These side effects are usually mild and temporary. In very rare cases, more severe side effects such as allergic reactions, air embolism, and blood clots may occur.

In order to minimize the risk of side effects, IV vitamin therapy should be administered by a qualified and experienced provider using safe and sterile needles and techniques.

Final Thoughts

If you are looking for an effective way to boost your energy levels, speed up your recovery from physical activity, or correct nutrient deficiency, IV vitamin therapy may be right for you.

This minimally invasive treatment can deliver a wide range of essential nutrients directly into your bloodstream, providing your body with everything it needs for optimal functionality.

What Not to Say to Someone with Chronic Pain

Pain isn’t funny. Whether it’s physical or psychological, short-term or chronic pain exacts a heavy price and can strike at any time. If you’ve ever experienced chronic pain before, you know how difficult it is to handle, but if you’ve never had it, how do you know what to say to someone who deals with pain every day?

What Is Chronic Pain?

Everyone perceives pain differently, but it normally starts with pain receptors beneath the skin and in organs scattered throughout the body. Sickness, injury, or other kinds of problems make the receptors transmit signals to the spinal cord – which then relays them to the brain for recognition and processing.

Pain can be temporary, mild, severe, and go away on its own or after treatment. But if the pain lingers for months at a time, and you don’t get better with medicine or treatment, then you may be experiencing chronic pain. In some cases, the source of the pain is unknown.

How Many People Have It?

Millions of people regardless of gender or age experience chronic pain. Some research estimates the number is between 11 and 40%, but a report from 2019 cited by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said it affects about 20% of all adults. Other highlights worth mentioning:

  • Chronic pain gets worse as you age.
  • Non-Hispanic white adults get it most often.
  • People who live in rural areas get chronic pain more often.

What Causes Chronic Pain?

Sometimes chronic pain has an obvious cause. It could be triggered by arthritis or cancer, or injuries and diseases resulting in bodily changes which leave you more susceptible to pain. These changes may last for months or years, long after an injury or illness has been treated successfully. 

But chronic pain can be psychogenic pain, or pain that isn’t related to an injury or physical illness. It’s driven by psychological factors like anxiety, depression, and stress. 

What Not to Say to Someone with Chronic Pain

Sometimes we have the best intention and want to help others as much as we can. But in the process of helping, we fumble over the words or say the wrong thing, unable to verbalize what our mind wants us to articulate. There are definitely things you shouldn’t say to someone with chronic pain, such as:

  • “You’re in pain? Funny, you don’t look hurt (or injured) at all.”
  • “I noticed you’ve been hobbling around at work. Dude, you’re too young to be in pain.”
  • “Listen, everyone gets tired, and sometimes that makes pain seem worse than it is, so sleep it off.”
  • “Eh, you’re just having a bad day.”
  • “Pain? It’s all in your mind.”
  • “Suck it up.”
  • “Wow, now you’ve got an excuse for not going to work (or school) today. I’m so envious.”
  • “You know what? My arms hurt for months because of repetitive stress movements, but my therapist told me to exercise, and guess what? No more pain. You should try that.”
  • “Sure, I know you’re in pain, but there’s always someone who’s got it worse and you’re mostly healthy, right?”
  • “Does this mean we’re not going to the concert Friday night?”
  • “I really don’t know what’s going on, but I hope you feel better soon! I’m picking up your slack at work.”
  • “Ok, how about if you try this? I saw it on a podcast.”
  • “Listen, I’ve heard some old people say they will away their pain. You know, mind over matter and all that.”
  • “I don’t know. When I was in pain a lot, my dietician told me to lose 7% body weight and now I feel like a million bucks.”
  • “Maybe you need to sleep more.”
  • “How about getting a new pillow or mattress?”
  • “I know what you’re going through.”

To communicate with someone with chronic pain, you need to be engaged, compassionate, and listen to what they’re telling you. You might suggest different kinds of treatment or seeing a different doctor, but the conversation is always about the other person.

Diagnosis & Treatment

There are no specific tests to diagnose chronic pain, but a healthcare provider is the best person to see when discomfort begins affecting your quality of life. A medical or psychological examination may reveal the source of your pain and how to treat it, but much of the diagnosis is based on pain symptoms, where they happen, and how often. Chronic pain can often be treated with therapy, pain relievers, or medicine like ketamine.

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